The Modal Auxiliary Verbs
1. He can swim well
He can’t swim well
Can he swim well?
2. He can play the piano
He can’t play the piano
Can he play the piano?
3. She can speak English very well
She can’t speak English very well
Can she speak English very well?
4. You can do it now
You can’t do it now
Can You do it now?
5. You can eat here
You can’t eat here
Can you eat here?
1. She could be home anytime
She couldn’t be home anytime
Could she be home anytime?
2. I could come if you like
I couldn’t come if you like
Could I come if you like ?
3. When I was young, I could run three miles a day
When I was young, I couldn’t run three miles a day
Could I run three miles a day when I was young ?
4. He could go to the party yesterday
He couldn’t go to the party yesterday
Could he go to the party yesterday ?
5. He could write with his left hand
He couldn’t write with his left hand
Could he write with his left ?
1. He said that he would talk to her
He said that he wouldn’t talk to her
Would he said that to talk to her ?
2. They told me that they would come
They told me that they wouldn’t come
Would they told to you that they come ?
3. When she still lived here, she would sit there for hours
When she still lived here, she wouldn’t sit there for hours
Would she sit there for hours when she still lived here ?
4. When I was child, I would go for a swim every Sunday
When I was child, I wouldn’t go for a swim every Sunday
Would I go for a swim every Sunday when I was child ?
5. Every morning at about five he would wake up and work on the farm
Every morning at about five he wouldn’t wake up and work on the farm
Would he wake up and work on the farm every morning at about five ?
1. You may go home now
You may not go home now
May you go home now ?
2. The students may eat in the classroom
The students may not eat in the classroom
May the students eat in the classroom ?
3. They may swim here
They may not swim here
May they swim here ?
4. He may be late
He may not be late
May he be late ?
5. This medicine may relieve your pain
This medicine may not relieve your pain
May this medicine relieve your pain ?
1. He might be crazy
He might not be crazy
Might he be crazy ?
2. She might come at seven o’clock
She might not come at seven o’clock
Might she come at seven o’clock ?
3. We might go away on holiday next week
We might not go away on holiday next week
Might we go away on holiday next week ?
4. They might want to take a plane
They might not want to take a plane
Might they want to take a plane?
5. He might be late
He might not be late
Might he be late?
1. Children must review their lessons every day
Children must not review their lessons every day
Must children review their lessons every day ?
2. I must go now
I must not go now
Must I go now ?
3. You must be thirsty
You must not be thirsty
Must you be thirsty ?
4. He must be twenty-two years old because he is a fresh graduate
He must not be twenty-two years old because he is a fresh graduate
Must he be twenty-two years old because he is a fresh graduate ?
5. He must speak Italian
He must not speak Italian
Must he speak Italian ?
1. You should to study Physic
You should not to study Physic
Should you to study Physic ?
2. You should to sleep early
You should not to sleep early
Should you to sleep early ?
3. I should to give up smoking
I should not to give up smoking
Should I to give up smoking ?
4. They should be arriving now
They should not be arriving now
Should they be arriving now ?
5. He should have came earlier
He should not have came earlier
Should he has came earlier ?
1. You ought to play the game
You ought to not play the game
Ought you to play the game ?
2. The police ought to direct the traffic better
The police ought to not direct the traffic better
Ought to the police direct the traffic better ?
3. The government ought to bring down the illiterate rate in our country
The government ought to not bring down the illiterate rate in our country
Ought to The government bring down the illiterate rate in our country ?
4. You ought to be ashamed of yourself
You ought to not be ashamed of yourself
Ought to you be ashamed of yourself ?
5. You ought to bring an umbrella with you
You ought to not bring an umbrella with you
Ought to you bring an umbrella with you ?
1. You had better say something
You had better not say something
Had you better say something ?
2. We had better go early
We had better not go early
Had we better go early ?
3. You had better brush your teeth before go to campus
You had better not brush your teeth before go to campus
Had you better brush your teeth before go to campus?
4. I had better present at class
I had better not present at class
Had I better present at class ?
5. You had better take care your self
You had better not take care your self
Had you better take care your self?
1. You have to go now
You haven’t to go now
Have you to go now?
2. I have to keep your belongings
I haven’t to keep your belongings
Have I to keep your belongings?
3. You have to read the novel
You haven’t read the novel
Have you read the novel?
4. They have to do their homework
They haven’t to do their homework
Have they to do their homework?
5. I have to wake up early
I have not to wake up early
Have I to wake up early?
1. You have got take something
You have not got take something
Have you got take something?
2. I have got go now
I have not got go now
Have I got go now?
3. They have got back right now
They have not got back right now
Have they got back right now?
4. We have got teacher’s room
We have not got teacher’s room
Have we got teacher’s room?
5. You have got do your task
You have not got do your task
Have you got do your task?
1. I prefer reading to writing
I prefer not reading to writing
Prefer I reading to writing?
2. They prefer stand up
They prefer not stand up
Prefer they stand up?
3. My father prefers car to motorcycle
My father prefers not car to motorcycle
Prefer my father car to motorcycle?
4. My brother prefer studying to playing
My brother prefer not studying to playing
Prefer my brother studying to playing?
5. He prefers here
He prefers not here
Prefer he here?
1. I like speaking better than listening
I don’t like speaking better than listening
Do you like speaking better than listening?
2. He likes swimming better than cycling
He doesn’t like swimming better than cycling
Does he like swimming better than cycling?
3. We like milk better than coffee
We don’t like milk better than coffee
Do we like milk better than coffee?
4. I like motorcycle better than bicycle
I don’t like motorcycle better than bicycle
Do you like motorcycle better than bicycle?
5. I like batik better than shirt
I don’t like batik better than shirt
Do you like batik better than shirt?
1. I would rather go to library
I would rather not go to library
Would you rather go to library?
2. She would rather reading
She would rather not reading
Would she rather reading?
3. They would rather playing futsal
They would rather not playing futsal
Would they rather playing futsal?
4. My mother would rather cooking in the kitchen
My mother would rather not cooking in the kitchen
Would my mother rather cooking in the kitchen?
5. My brother would rather riding
My brother would rather not riding
Would my brother rather riding?
1. You would get some water
You would not get some water
Would you get some water?
2. They would come for one hours later
They would not come for one hours later
Would they come for one hours laters?
3. He would give me present
He would not give me present
Would he give me present?
4. She would sit there for hours
She would not sit there for hours
Would she sit there for hours?
5. He would stay at home
He would not stay at home
Would he stay at home?
Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. Here are some countable nouns : One player, every person, five pencils, both students, a couple of pillows, a few tables, several grammar books, many chairs, too many books, a number of clocks, some films, a lot of children, lots of men, plenty of boys, most girls, all computers, not any speakers, one third of the graduates, etc
Countable nouns are hard to recognize. They are things that we can’t count. Here are some uncountable nouns : Blood, coffee, gasoline, ink, juice, ketchup, milk, syrup, shampoo, tea, sugar, salt, dust, flour, wheat, corn, air, water, smog, smoke, steam, cotton, glass, petrol, faith, comfort, gratitude, greed, ice, trust, width, joy, etc